Testing new antibiotics to treat highly resistant bacterial infections is especially difficult, since only a small number of patients contract such infections or meet the requirements to participate in clinical trials. Following are examples of hard-to-treat pathogens that present the greatest unmet needs today, and the types of drugs that are most likely to address them.More info
"One of the most urgent global public health problems is the increasing capability of bacteria to resist antibiotic drugs. The crisis of antimicrobial resistance is particularly acute in hospitals, where superbugs able to resist multiple drugs have spawned. More than 70 percent of the bacteria that cause hospital-related infections are already resistant to at least one type of antibacterial drug.
The specter of a world without effective antibiotics has been looming for years, but recent evidence suggests that the superbugs are evolving ever faster. Meanwhile, the pipeline of new antibiotics is running dry, leaving some patients with no effective treatment for life-threatening disease.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced last month that it is establishing a 19-member task force aimed at boosting the development of antibacterial drugs. Congress recently approved new incentives for industry innovation as well. This is only one aspect of the problem; overuse of antibiotics is another. But it is significant. Not every government task force gets results, but this one combines specialists from different disciplines to deal with a serious health risk for billions. Success could bring a big payoff."
- Date added:
- Oct 8, 2012
Consumers across the United States are demanding meat and poultry raised without antibiotics—and large producers, restaurants, and other institutions are listening. Following is a list of some leading companies offering responsibly produced food.More info
The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology held a public meeting on April 4 to discuss the issue of antimicrobial resistance. Drug safety and innovation director Elizabeth Jungman testified on the need to spur the development of new antibacterial drugs.More info
Drug-resistant bacteria, or superbugs, present a serious and worsening threat to human health. According to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, 2 million Americans acquire serious infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year, and 23,000 of them die. Doctors routinely encounter patients with infections that do not respond to available treatment, and when new drugs come to market, bacteria quickly develop resistance. To ensure that the supply of new antibiotics keeps pace with these evolving pathogens, it is necessary to have a robust pipeline of new drugs and innovative pathways to get this medicine to the patients who need it the mostMore info
The process of creating new medicines is complex, time-consuming, and costly. Moving a potential therapy from concept to market can take between 10 and 15 years and cost developers as much as $1 billion. Indeed, industry also bears the cost of failure: For every drug that ultimately receives approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, some 5,000 to 10,000 compounds don’t make it through the process.More info
Surveys of the animal production industry by the U.S. Department of Agriculture demonstrate that many farms and ranches administer antibiotics to healthy animals at low doses to offset overcrowding and poor sanitation and to accelerate livestock growth—practices that the medical and public health communities document as a significant factor in human antibiotic resistance. In 2013, FDA took steps to address these concerns.
In the State of the Union address, President Barack Obama recognized the need to “stay ahead of drug-resistant bacteria” and that developing therapies to fight these threats is an opportunity for American innovation and discovery. The threat of drug-resistant bacteria is real, and the need for antibiotic development clear.More info